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c unix resume We only do consulting. No permanent job inquiries please. Mladen is help for kids a long term Oracle DBA, with more than 14 years database administration and system administration experience. He has extensive experience in Unix scripting, database performance tuning and administration and system administration of various flavors of Unix systems. Mladen is scientific management and human relations essay a long time member of the Oracle list and a consultant with more than 17 years of professional IT experience. He has a bachelor degree in mathematics and for kids, is an Oracle Certified Professional (OCP). Oracle Certified Professional (OCP) Senior Oracle DBA, 8i OCP certified, experienced in providing Oracle support on HP-UX, Linux, Solaris AIX and Win2k, as well as performing a lead roles in production support teams. Thesis Online? · Installed, configured, upgraded, migrated and patched Oracle databases in heterogeneous environment.
Extensive experience with RDBMS, RAC, installations, RMAN, OEM, DataGuard, database tuning and help homework, troubleshooting. · Development support, production support, and design review in stop animal persuasive, a complex environment. · Plan, Implement and test disaster recovery system, using RMAN and custom written shell scripts. Create and maintain Oracle DataGuard configuration. Help? · Database m onitoring and tuning, application and queries using TKPROF, OEM, STATSPACK and custom scripts. · Extensive experience in tuning complex OLTP database with several thousands of concurrent users. Some experience in intro to great, creating, maintaining and tuning data warehouse databases. In particular, experience with both RAC and OPS. · Experienced in evaluating, reviewing and assisting developers create data models. Oracle 8i, 9i and 10g. Help? Programming using SQL, C,UNIX Shell Scripting, Perl, PL/SQL, HTML and PHP.
November 2004 to December 2005. , Sr. Oracle DBA, Allegient Systems International. Install, load, monitor and troubleshoot company's Oracle databases. Loading includes writing Perl scripts to fetch, parse and load data from the external sources. Supported databases were on Linux and Solaris. Plan, implement and eric, test company’s disaster recovery strategy using RMAN. · Production support, and Database System infrastructure development. · Monitoring and tuning from instance to query level by OEM, Tora, EXPLAIN PLAN, STATSPACK, ANALYZE, DBMS_STAT, TKPROF and so on . As a part of RD for the company, I installed the necessary software and for kids, created RAC system on RH EL 3.0. I created Linux RAC 188.8.131.52 database from scratch. · RMAN backup.
In particular, I re-wrote refresh of hilfe so-called reporting database (daily copy of homework production) using RMAN. Before RMAN, it was done by export/import. · Perl scripting, shell scripting and PL/SQL programming to resolve business problems of various nature. · Initial 10G exploration and testing. July 2004 to and human movement November 2004, Sr. Oracle DBA, Premium IT. This was short term consulting job at AE TV network. My responsibility was to reprogram a bunch of proprietary shell scripts and help developers with tuning application. This job also included fair amount of database tuning, analysis of the application design and performing performance analysis of the existing applications by using TKPROF.
August 2003 to July 2004., Sr. Oracle DBA, Wang Trading LLC. · Install, load, monitor and troubleshoot company's two Oracle 9.2.05 databases. Loading includes writing perl scripts to fetch, parse and load data from the external sources. Databases are on help homework for kids, Linux. Wageningen Thesis? · Plan, implement and test disaster recovery strategy using RMAN 9i (without catalog). · Database design, production support, and Database System infrastructure development. · Monitoring and tuning from instance to query level by OEM, Tora, EXPLAIN PLAN, STATSPACK, ANALYZE, DBMS_STAT, TKPROF and so on . · Use Migration Workbench for SQL Server to homework migrate a small SQL Server database to Oracle. May 1999 to July 2003, Sr. Oracle DBA, Oxford Health Plans. · Plan, implement and test disaster recovery strategy using custom written shell scripts and EMC BCV's. · Migrate database from Oracle 7.3.4 on Siemens/Reliant Unix to Oracle 8i on HP-UX. Stop Animal Persuasive? · Plan, test, help and support migrating Oracle*Forms environment from Dev2000 to help Developer 6i. · Monitor, support and animal abuse persuasive, perform critical 7x24 beeper duty on the company's complex OPS database on HP 9000/N hardware. Monitoring was done by OEM, STATSPACK and custom made scripts. It also included solving complex performance problems on Oracle Parallel Server. · Supervise, coordinate and for kids, control a team of two junior DBAs performing developer support and end-user support. · Support any project requiring a high level of technical expertise with Oracle . J anuary 1999 to May 1999., Oracle DBA, Flexi International Software. · Support the development of financial software and intro to great, it's porting to Oracle. Help? · Help developers in movement, porting applications from help homework for kids Sybase and MS SQL Server to Oracle. Port stored procedures and triggers from Transac/SQL to PL/SQL Advise management of technical direction and best development practices. · Suggest changes to the application model in order to achieve the eric medcalf resume, optimal performance.
Maintain knowledge database repository for the company's applications. Be technical support for developers, quality control and customers. March 1997 to help for kids December 1998. Oracle DBA at Interal Corp. (Consulting position at FTI in New York City). · Maintain client/server system consisting of HP,SUN and PC workstations. Perform ORACLE administration. Hilfe? Maintain performance and security of ORACLE databases. · Install and configure ORACLE software on Unix (HP and SUN) and PC (Win95 and NT40) environments. Help? · Perform disaster planning, enroll new users, maintain space within the database, suggest and implement backup strategy to conjugations maximize security and safety. Homework For Kids? · Provide technical assistance to developers in all matters concerning performance, including optimizing and rewriting SQL statements in applications. Assist and partially write applications using Oracle WebServer 2.1 and PL/SQL toolkit provided with it. Conjugations? Positions held prior to arriving in the USA: Colt Telecom, London UK September 1996 – March 1997, Oracle DBA. Telstra UK , London UK May 1996 – September 1996, Oracle DBA.
Aster, Ljubljana, Slovenia, June 1993 – April 1996, Pre-sales support consultant. Help? KOPA, Slovenj Gradec, Slovenia, March 1989. - May 1993. CAOP Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia, 1985 – February 1989.
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Interventions for for kids preventing occupational irritant hand dermatitis. Andrea Bauer, Department of hilfe bei der, Dermatology, University Hospital Carl Gustav Carus, Technical University Dresden, Fetscherstr. Help Homework! 74, Dresden, 01307, Germany. Stop Abuse Persuasive Essay! Andrea.Bauer@uniklinikum-dresden.de. University Hospital Carl Gustav Carus, Department of homework, Dermatology, Dresden, Germany Search for bei der more papers by help this author. University of conjugations, Bristol, School for for kids Policy Studies, Bristol, UK Search for management and human movement essay more papers by this author. University Medical Center Groningen, Department of homework for kids, Dermatology, Groningen, Netherlands Search for more papers by bachelorarbeit this author. Friedrich Schiller University, Department of help, Dermatology and Allergology, Jena, Germany Search for more papers by this author. Queen's Medical Centre, Department of medcalf, Dermatology, Nottingham, UK Search for more papers by this author.
The University of homework for kids, Nottingham, Centre of scientific management and human movement, Evidence Based Dermatology, Nottingham, UK Search for homework for kids more papers by this author. First published: 16 June 2010 Editorial Group: Cochrane Skin Group DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD004414.pub2 View/save citation Cited by stop (CrossRef): 9 articles Check for updates. Occupational irritant hand dermatitis (OIHD) is an homework for kids, important cause of resume, discomfort in for kids, the working population. Different preventive measures are in place but it is conjugations, not clear how effective these are. To assess the help homework effect of interventions for preventing OIHD in healthy people who work in animal abuse persuasive, occupations where the help homework skin is at risk of damage. In May 2010, we searched the hilfe Cochrane Skin Group Specialised Register, the Cochrane Central Register of help homework for kids, Controlled Trials in The Cochrane Library , MEDLlNE and to great gatsby, EMBASE. Conference proceedings, and help for kids, ongoing trials registers were also searched. Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) studying the effectiveness of eric medcalf, barrier creams, moisturisers, gloves, complex educational interventions, and other interventions for help homework the prevention of and human movement essay, OIHD.
Two authors independently assessed the for kids trials and extracted data. Four RCTs involving 894 participants from online different occupations were included. Help Homework! The primary outcome was numbers of new cases. One large RCT of movement, 708 print and help homework, dye workers compared 2 barrier creams (containing silicone or hydrocarbon) versus no intervention. Stop Persuasive! Fewer workers using barrier creams developed OIHD than those who did not (39.9% versus 45%, (OR 0.75, 95% CI 0.53 to help for kids, 1.07.
P = 0.11) but this was not statistically significant. In 1 RCT of eric medcalf resume, 54 metal workers less developed OIHD when using an help homework, after work emollient or a barrier cream compared to no intervention. There was no statistical difference between the intro groups at homework, different times of follow-up. One RCT of 111 cleaners and online, kitchen workers compared a moisturiser (Locobase™) versus no intervention using a cross-over design. While using the moisturiser no participant developed OIHD. Help! During the control period with no skin treatment, 19 (20.4%) out of hilfe bei der, 93 participants developed OIHD. One RCT of help homework for kids, 21 hairdressers compared a barrier cream containing aluminium chlorohydrate (Excipial protect™) versus its vehicle. Medcalf Resume! No participant developed OIHD while the help for kids products were used. Only limited side-effects such as transient itching, stinging, and dryness were reported for the interventions. Although the intro gatsby essay findings of for kids, this review were generally positive, no statistical significance was reached. Stop Animal Persuasive! We conclude that at for kids, present there is insufficient evidence for the effectiveness of conjugations, most of the for kids interventions used in stop animal abuse essay, the primary prevention of OIHD.
This does not mean that current measures are necessarily ineffective, as the limited studies to help homework, date have been rather small and of poor quality. Larger well designed RCTs are now needed in conjugations of essayer, different workplaces to help homework, establish the eric medcalf resume effectiveness of help homework for kids, various preventative strategies. Intervenciones para la prevención de la dermatitis por contacto irritativa ocupacional. La dermatitis por contacto irritativa ocupacional (DCIO) es una causa importante de malestar en la población activa. Hilfe! Existen diferentes medidas preventivas aunque no está clara su efectividad. Evaluar el efecto de las intervenciones para la prevención de la DCIO en las personas sanas que trabajan en ocupaciones donde la piel está en riesgo de daño. En mayo 2010, se realizaron búsquedas en el Registro Especializado del Grupo Cochrane de Piel (Cochrane Skin Group), en el Registro Cochrane Central de Ensayos Controlados (Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials) en The Cochrane Library , MEDLlNE y en EMBASE. Help! También se hicieron búsquedas en las actas de congresos y en los registros de ensayos en curso. Ensayos controlados aleatorios (ECA) que estudiaran la efectividad de las cremas aislantes, las cremas hidratantes, los guantes, las intervenciones educacionales complejas y otras intervenciones para la prevención de la DCIO. Dos autores, de forma independiente, evaluaron los ensayos y extrajeron los datos. Se incluyeron cuatro ECA de 894 participantes con diferentes ocupaciones.
El resultado primario fue los números de casos nuevos. Un ECA grande con 708 trabajadores de la impresión y el teñido comparó dos cremas aislantes (que contenían silicona o hidrocarburo) versus ninguna intervención. Thesis! Los trabajadores que desarrollaron DCIO mientras utilizaban cremas aislantes fueron menos que los que no las utilizaron (39,9% versus 45%, [OR 0,75; IC del 95%: 0,53 a 1,07. p = 0,11) aunque este hecho no fue estadísticamente significativo. En un ECA con 54 trabajadores del metal, hubo menos personas que desarrollaron DCIO al usar un emoliente o una crema aislante después del trabajo en comparación con ninguna intervención. Help Homework! No hubo diferencias estadísticas entre los grupos en diferentes momentos del seguimiento. Un ECA con 111 encargados de la limpieza y personal de cocina comparó una crema humectante (Locobase™) versus ninguna intervención mediante un diseño cruzado. Eric Medcalf! Mientras se utilizó la crema humectante ningún participante desarrolló DCIO. Durante el período de control sin tratamiento de la piel, 19 (20,4%) de 93 participantes desarrollaron DCIO. Un ECA con 21 peluqueros comparó una crema aislante que contenía clorhidrato de aluminio (Excipial protect™) versus su excipiente.
Ningún participante desarrolló DCIO mientras se utilizaban los productos. Sólo se informaron efectos secundarios limitados como prurito, escozor y sequedad transitorios en cuanto a las intervenciones. Aunque los resultados de esta revisión fueron generalmente positivos, no se alcanzó significación estadística. Help! Se estableció la conclusión de que actualmente no hay pruebas suficientes sobre la efectividad de la mayoría de las intervenciones utilizadas para la prevención primaria de la DCIO. Stop Animal Abuse! Este hecho no significa que las medidas actuales necesariamente sean ineficaces, ya que los estudios limitados hasta la fecha han sido bastante pequeños y de calidad deficiente. Homework For Kids! Actualmente se necesitan ECA bien diseñados y más grandes en diferentes lugares de trabajo para establecer la efectividad de varias estrategias preventivas. Traducción realizada por el Centro Cochrane Iberoamericano. Interventions pour prévenir la dermatite irritative des mains professionnelle. La dermatite irritative des mains professionnelle (OIHD) est une cause importante de gène au sein de la population professionnelle. Différentes mesures préventives sont mises en place, mais leur efficacité n'a pas été clairement déterminée. Évaluer l'effet d'interventions de prévention de l'OIHD chez des personnes en bonne santé exerçant une profession présentant un risque pour la peau.
Stratégie de recherche documentaire. En mai 2010, nous avons consulté le registre spécialisé du Cochrane skin group, le registre Cochrane central des essais contrôlés dans la librairie Cochrane , MEDLINE et EMBASE. Nous avons également consulté des actes de conférences et des registres d'essais en cours. Essais contrôlés randomisés (ECR) étudiant l'efficacité de crèmes protectrices, crèmes hydratantes, gants, interventions de sensibilisation complexes et d'autres interventions pour la prévention de l'OIHD. Deux auteurs ont évalué indépendamment les essais et ont extrait les données. Quatre ECR comptant 894 participants exerçant différentes professions ont été incluses. Medcalf! Le critère de jugement principal était le nombre de cas. Un ECR de grande taille sur 708 personnes travaillant dans le secteur de l'imprimerie et de la teinturerie comparait 2 crèmes protectrices (contenant du silicone ou des hydrocarbures) avec l'absence d'intervention. Homework! Moins de travailleurs utilisant des crèmes protectrices ont développé une OIHD par rapport aux travailleurs n'en n'ayant pas utilisé (39,9% versus 45%, (RC 0,75, IC à 95% entre 0,53 et 1,07. Eric Resume! P = 0,11) mais cette différence n'était pas statistiquement significative. Un ECR sur 54 personnes travaillant dans l'industrie des métaux ont développé moins d'OIHD lorsqu'ils utilisaient après le travail une crème émolliente ou protectrice que lorsqu'ils n'en utilisaient pas.
Il n'y a pas eu de différence statistique entre les groupes à différents moments du suivi. Un ECR sur 111 personnes travaillant en cuisine ou dans l'entretien comparait une crème hydratante (Locobase™) avec l'absence d'intervention, selon un plan d'étude en cross-over. Lorsqu'ils utilisaient la crème hydratante, les participants n'ont pas développé d'OIHD. Pendant la période de contrôle sans traitement cutané, 19 participants sur 93 (20,4%) ont développé une OIHD. Un ECR sur 21 coiffeurs comparait une crème de protection contenant du chlorhydrate d'aluminium (Excipial protect™) versus son excipient.
Aucun participant n'a développé d'OIHD tant que les produits étaient utilisés. Seuls des effets secondaires limités comme des démangeaisons, sensation de piqûre et sécheresse ont été rapportés pour les interventions. Bien que les résultats de cette revue soient généralement positifs, en aucun cas la significativité statistique n'a été atteinte. Help Homework For Kids! Nous concluons dès lors qu'à présent les preuves sont insuffisantes pour affirmer que la plupart des interventions utilisées en prévention primaire de l'OIHD sont efficaces. Conjugations! Cela ne signifie pas que les mesures actuelles sont nécessairement inefficaces, attendu que les études limitées jusqu'à l'heure actuelles ont été relativement petites et de faible qualité. For Kids! Des ECR bien planifiés et de plus grande taille sont aujourd'hui nécessaires sur différences professions pour déterminer l'efficacité de différentes stratégies préventives.
Treatments to eric resume, prevent irritant hand dermatitis in help, the workplace. Occupational irritant hand dermatitis (OIHD) is an online, inflammatory reaction of the help for kids skin occurring in people who regularly come into contact with water, detergents, chemicals, and other irritants during their working day. Stop Animal Persuasive! Occupations at particular risk include hairdressing, nursing, cleaning, building, and help homework for kids, the dye, printing, metal, and of essayer, food industries. For Kids! The condition is relatively common and wageningen online, affects about 5 to homework, 20 out of stop abuse essay, 10,000 full-time workers per homework for kids year. Bei Der Bachelorarbeit! The first signs are red and for kids, scaly patches in the finger webs and on the knuckle area of the wageningen online hands. Homework For Kids! Itchy blisters and painful cracks and eric medcalf resume, possibly infection are common, and homework for kids, eventually the skin becomes thickened. Preventing OIHD from management and human movement essay developing is important because it is difficult to for kids, clear once it starts. Although the intro essay findings of this review were generally positive we concluded that there is help, insufficient evidence, at present, for bei der the effectiveness of homework for kids, most of the treatments identified for of essayer preventing new cases of homework for kids, OIHD in the workplace. This may be because further research is wageningen thesis, needed or the homework for kids studies that have been done did not recruit a large enough number of participants. Larger studies are now needed to stop animal, determine if primary prevention is help homework for kids, helpful and which strategy (e.g. Eric! education or barrier creams) is help homework, best. Traitements pour prévenir la dermatite irritative des mains sur le lieu de travail.
La dermatite irritative des mains professionnelle (OIHD) est une réaction inflammatoire de la peau survenant chez des personnes qui sont régulièrement en contact avec de l'eau, des détergents, des produits chimiques et d'autres produits irritants pendant leur journée professionnelle. Resume! Parmi les professions particulièrement à risque on trouve la coiffure, l'infirmerie, le nettoyage, la construction, la teinturerie, l'impression, le travail des métaux et les industries alimentaires. Help! Cette maladie est relativement commune et touche entre 5 et 20 employés à temps complet sur 10 000 par an. Les premiers signes sont des plaques rouges et squameuses entre les doigts et sur les phalanges des mains. Gatsby! Un décollement de peau et des fissures douloureux et parfois des infections sont courants ; parfois, la peau peut devenir plus épaisse. Éviter que l'OIHD ne se développe est important attendu qu'une fois qu'elle s'est déclenchée, il est difficile d'y remédier. Bien que les résultats de cette revue soient généralement positifs, nous avons conclu que les preuves sont encore insuffisantes pour l'instant en ce qui concerne l'efficacité de la plupart des traitements identifiés pour prévenir de nouveaux cas d'OIHD au travail. Homework For Kids! Cela peut s'expliquer par le fait que des recherches plus poussés sont nécessaires ou parce que les études qui ont été réalisées n'ont pas recruté un nombre suffisant de participants.
Des études de plus grande taille sont désormais nécessaires pour déterminer si la prévention primaire est utile et quelle est la meilleure stratégie (sensibilisation ou crèmes protectrices). Notes de traduction. Traduit par: French Cochrane Centre 1st July, 2012. Traduction financée par: Ministère du Travail, de l'Emploi et de la Santé Français. Rawatan untuk mencegah dermatitis perengsa tangan pekerjaan. Dermatitis perengsa tangan pekerjaan (OIHD) merupakan tindak balas inflammatori yang berlaku pada kulit pekerja yang biasanya terdedah kepada air, bahan pencuci, bahan kimia dan bahan perengsa lain semasa bekerja. Wageningen Thesis! Pekerjaan berisiko tinggi termasuk tukang rambut, jururawat, pembersih, pembina, dan golongan yang terlibat dalam industri pewarnaan, pencetakan, logam dan pemakanan. Help For Kids! Keadaan ini agak biasa dan menjejaskan kira-kira 5 hingga 20 daripada 10,000 pekerja sepenuh masa setahun. Tanda-tanda awal keadaan ini termasuk kawasan merah dan bersisik pada jari dan buku jari tangan.
Lepuh yang gatal dan luka yang sakit dan mungkin berjangkitan biasa ternampak dan akhirnya kulit di kawasan tersebut menjadi semakin tebal. Pencegahan OIHD adalah penting kerana ianya adalah sukar untuk dirawati sepenuhnya. Walaupun hasil kajian ini secara amnya positif, kami membuat kesimpulan bahawa bukti tidak mencukupi pada masa ini untuk mengenalpasti keberkesanan kebanyakan rawatan untuk mencegah kes baru OIHD di tempat kerja. Ini mungkin kerana penyelidikan lanjut diperlukan atau kajian yang telah dijalankan tidak mendaftarkan jumlah peserta yang mencukupi. Kajian yang lebih meluas diperlukan untuk menentukan sama ada pencegahan berkesan dan strategi terbaik (contohnya pendidikan atau krim penghalang). Diterjemahkan oleh Tan Shih Yang (Hospital Umum Sarawak). Disunting oleh Tuan Hairulnizam Tuan Kamauzaman (Universiti Sains Malaysia).
Untuk sebarang pertanyaan berkaitan terjemahan ini sila hubungi email@example.com. Copyright 2010 The Cochrane Collaboration. Scientific Management And Human Movement! Published by help John Wiley Sons, Ltd. Article first published online: 16 June 2010. Managing occupational disease. Andrea Bauer, Jochen Schmitt, Cathy Bennett, Pieter-Jan Coenraads, Peter Elsner, John English, Hywel C Williams. Article first published online: 16 Jun 2010 | DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD004414.pub2. Andrea Bauer, Jan Bong, Pieter-Jan Coenraads, Peter Elsner, John English, Hywel C Williams. Article first published online: 21 Jul 2003 | DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD004414.
Is there randomized controlled trial evidence to stop animal abuse, support the for kids use of intro to great, interventions for homework preventing irritant hand dermatitis? 1 Elaine Larson , Hand Hygiene, 2017 , 101 CrossRef 2 Kara Haughtigan , Eve Main , Tonya Bragg-Underwood , Cecilia Watkins , Occupational Skin Disease Prevention: An Educational Intervention for stop animal abuse essay Hairdresser Cosmetology Students, Workplace Health Safety , 2017 , 216507991770444 CrossRef 3 Cochrane Clinical Answers, 2016 Wiley Online Library 4 Thomas L. Diepgen , Klaus E. Help Homework! Andersen , Oliver Chosidow , Peter Jan Coenraads , Peter Elsner , John English , Manigé Fartasch , Ana Gimenez- Arnau , Rosemary Nixon , Denis Sasseville , Tove Agner , Leitlinie für die Diagnose, Prävention und Behandlung des Handekzems - Kurzversion, JDDG: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft , 2015 , 13 , 1, 77 Wiley Online Library 5 eo Crosera , Andrea Prodi , Marcella Mauro , Marco Pelin , Chiara Florio , Francesca Bellomo , Gianpiero Adami , Pietro Apostoli , Giuseppe De Palma , Massimo Bovenzi , Marco Campanini , Francesca Filon , Titanium Dioxide Nanoparticle Penetration into of essayer the Skin and Effects on homework for kids, HaCaT Cells, International Journal of stop animal, Environmental Research and help, Public Health , 2015 , 12 , 8, 9282 CrossRef 6 Wietske A. Christoffers , Marie-Louise Anna Schuttelaar , Pieter-Jan Coenraads , Evidence-Based Dermatology, 2014 , 117 CrossRef 7 Finola Delamere , Liz Doney , Laura Prescott , Shirley Manknell , Evidence-Based Dermatology, 2014 , 17 CrossRef 8 Christoph Skudlik , Elke Weisshaar , Reginald Scheidt , Peter Elsner , Britta Wulfhorst , Michael Schönfeld , Swen Malte John , Thomas Ludwig Diepgen , First results from the multicentre study Rehabilitation of conjugations of essayer, Occupational Skin Diseases - Optimization and Quality Assurance of Inpatient Management (ROQ), Contact Dermatitis , 2012 , 66 , 3, 140 Wiley Online Library 9 Sibylle Schliemann , Maximilian Petri , Peter Elsner , How much skin protection cream is actually applied in homework, the workplace? Determination of conjugations, dose per help homework skin surface area in eric resume, nurses, Contact Dermatitis , 2012 , 67 , 4, 229 Wiley Online Library. Copyright 1999 - 2017 John Wiley Sons, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
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Analysis of the Whale Rider Essay. The film's plot follows the story of Paikea Apirana (Pai)[In the book, her name is Kahu, short for Kahutia Te Rangi], a 12-year-old girl who is the only living child in the line of the tribe's chiefly succession following the for kids, death of her twin brother and mother when she was born. By tradition, the leader should be the hilfe, first-born son a direct patrilineal descendant of Paikea, aka Kahutia Te Rangi in the book, the Whale Rider he who rode on top of a whale from Hawaiki. However, Pai is female and technically cannot inherit the leadership. Help For Kids! able to find his whales tooth at the bottom on the ocean. Although her relationship with Koro is difficult due to eric the unfulfilled expectation, she still loves Koro very much and longs for his acceptation. Many scenes were very detailed and tragic through imagination. There was a lot of heart ache in Kahu's one-sided relationship with Koro. Also it was very emotional for everyone, including Kahu, when the whales beach themselves, but though her ability to communicate to the whales they returned to learns/practices all traditionally acts (some secretly) to prove herself to Koro and the community. She faces even more oppression from Koro for every time she resists the cultural restrains put on her.
Pai is willing to make the for kids, ultimate sacrifice to save the whales. 5. Essay on Understanding Bend It Like Beckham and Whale Rider. In both Bend It Like Beckham and Whale Rider, as in many films, there is a moment of true exposure for the main characters. In Bend It Like Beckham the moment of true exposure was when Jess left her sister’s wedding, with her father’s permission, to management and human movement essay play at help homework her soccer finals. After coming back from her game Jess said to scientific management relations her mom “I didn’t ask to be good at football. Help For Kids! Guru Nanak must have blessed me….and if I can’t tell you what I want now, then I’ll never be happy, whatever I do”(Gurinder Chadha). Myth, Culture, and Family in Whale Rider Essay. Ever since then, each of the first-born males amongst Paikea's descendants have in turn become tribal leader. And Human Movement! In the present day, the Maori community has lost its way again. They have less or no distinctive pride and heritage. Help! The death of the next male descendant of scientific and human essay, Paikea, and the departure of his father Parourangi for Europe, leaves Koro hopeless over the survival of the old ways.
As Bernary Beck states, “The power that is respected by the Maori people is a fierce, masculine, warrior power” (Beck) Whaling: Humpback Whale and Whales Essay. Even more threats to whales exist including pollution such as oil, and chemicals, environmental degradation, and climate changes. According to homework for kids the IWC whale numbers are healthy and thriving however, whalers are not honest about the numbers of harvested whales brought in each year. Scientists have been trying to track whale herds for years but due to different migration patterns it is difficult to predict current whale numbers. It is important to note that drastic declines in all ocean life because Among these are the black right whale (Eubalaena glacialis) of both northern and southern seas.
Scientists believe that those in the western North Atlantic may be gradually increasing in numbers. However, populations in the eastern North Atlantic and in both the wageningen, eastern and western North Pacific show no signs of help for kids, recovery, and only a few remain in each area. An estimated 1,500 to 3,000 occur in the southern oceans, with little evidence of a significant increase in scientific movement, population sizes in most crazy monomania quest was to destroy these evil forces. After Ahab’s experience with the White Whale he only believed that the whale was a symbol of all evil in the world and he would not rest until it was destroyed. His outlook in seeing the color white having only help for kids one meaning, eventually caused his downfall and death by Moby Dick himself. Ishmael, however, viewed the meaning of the wageningen online, whiteness of the whale is not nearly so singularly focused as Ahab’s rage. Help! He believed that the animal persuasive essay, color of help homework, white had The diet the online, killer whales are forced to live with, I believe has the biggest effect on the whales’ shortened life spans. Killer whales have an “Average life span [of] 50 to 80 years.” (Killer) “Eight killer whales had died at SeaWorld in the past five years, Grady continued wild whales lived 50 to 80 years; Captive orcas rarely made it pass thirty. SeaWorld officials dispute the 50 to 80 years life span and homework for kids say it is scientific essay closer to 30 or 35 years…” (Kirby 123) What most people do not know is that org, killer whales live shorter lives than those in the wild due to a lack of stimulation. b. Whales in captivity are not exposed to the same sights and for kids sounds they would normally experience in the wild. c. Scientific Management And Human Relations Movement! Whales who are unable to live with other sounds of homework for kids, other mammals and are confined to blue tanks with the sound of running pumps, loud music, and cheering crowds will eventually become stressed.
2. Killer whales undergo psychological stress when they are captured. Wageningen Online! a. When a whale is captured after they would release the rest of the whales, the adult orcas were so distraught that they would not even try to help homework for kids escape. Instead they circled around even closer to the boats and would make loud sounds of conjugations of essayer, distress looking for their young ones, and that’s when the truth of what they were doing finally hit these divers. Many of the divers broke down into tears the help for kids, moment they saw what was happening, and hilfe many of them even quit. In captivity, killer whales are often isolated, to help homework ensure that these
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cold war basic essay IN WATCHING the flow of for kids, events over wageningen online the past decade or so, it is hard to avoid the help, feeling that something very fundamental has happened in world history. The past year has seen a flood of articles commemorating the animal persuasive, end of the Cold War, and the fact that peace seems to be breaking out in many regions of the world. Most of these analyses lack any larger conceptual framework for distinguishing between what is essential and what is contingent or accidental in world history, and are predictably superficial. If Mr. Gorbachev were ousted from the Kremlin or a new Ayatollah proclaimed the millennium from a desolate Middle Eastern capital, these same commentators would scramble to announce the rebirth of a new era of conflict. And yet, all of these people sense dimly that there is some larger process at work, a process that gives coherence and order to the daily headlines. The twentieth century saw the developed world descend into a paroxysm of help homework for kids, ideological violence, as liberalism contended first with the remnants of medcalf resume, absolutism, then bolshevism and fascism, and help homework, finally an updated Marxism that threatened to animal abuse persuasive essay lead to the ultimate apocalypse of nuclear war. But the century that began full of self-confidence in the ultimate triumph of Western liberal democracy seems at its close to be returning full circle to where it started: not to homework for kids an end of ideology or a convergence between capitalism and socialism, as earlier predicted, but to an unabashed victory of economic and political liberalism. The triumph of the West, of the Western idea , is evident first of all in thesis the total exhaustion of viable systematic alternatives to Western liberalism. In the help homework, past decade, there have been unmistakable changes in the intellectual climate of the world's two largest communist countries, and the beginnings of significant reform movements in both.
But this phenomenon extends beyond high politics and it can be seen also in the ineluctable spread of consumerist Western culture in such diverse contexts as the peasants' markets and color television sets now omnipresent throughout China, the stop persuasive essay, cooperative restaurants and clothing stores opened in the past year in Moscow, the homework, Beethoven piped into Japanese department stores, and the rock music enjoyed alike in scientific and human movement Prague, Rangoon, and Tehran. What we may be witnessing is not just the help homework, end of the Cold War, or the passing of conjugations, a particular period of postwar history, but the end of history as such: that is, the end point of mankind's ideological evolution and the universalization of Western liberal democracy as the final form of human government. This is not to say that there will no longer be events to fill the for kids, pages of Foreign Affair's yearly summaries of international relations, for the victory of liberalism has occurred primarily in the realm of ideas or consciousness and is as yet incomplete in. the real or material world. But there are powerful reasons for movement essay believing that it is the ideal that will govern the material world in the long run . To understand how this is so, we must first consider some theoretical issues concerning the nature of historical change. THE NOTION of the end of help, history is not an original one. Its best known propagator was Karl Marx, who believed that the direction of historical development was a purposeful one determined by the interplay of scientific management, material forces, and would come to an end only with the achievement of a communist utopia that would finally resolve all prior contradictions. But the concept of history as a dialectical process with a beginning, a middle, and homework, an end was borrowed by Marx from his great German predecessor, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel. For better or worse, much of Hegel's historicism has become part of our contemporary intellectual baggage. The notion that mankind has progressed through a series of primitive stages of consciousness on his path to the present, and that these stages corresponded to concrete forms of social organization, such as tribal, slave-owning, theocratic, and finally democratic-egalitarian societies, has become inseparable from the modern understanding of man. Hegel was the first philosopher to conjugations of essayer speak the language of modern social science, insofar as man for him was the product of help homework, his concrete historical and social environment and not, as earlier natural right theorists would have it, a collection of more or less fixed natural attributes. The mastery and transformation of man's natural environment through the application of science and technology was originally not a Marxist concept, but a Hegelian one.
Unlike later historicists whose historical relativism degenerated into relativism tout court, however, Hegel believed that history culminated in an absolute moment - a moment in which a final, rational form of society and medcalf resume, state became victorious. It is Hegel's misfortune to be known now primarily as Marx's precursor; and it is our misfortune that few of us are familiar with Hegel's work from direct study, but only as it has been filtered through the distorting lens of Marxism. In France, however, there has been an effort to save Hegel from help homework for kids his Marxist interpreters and to online resurrect him as the philosopher who most correctly speaks to for kids our time. Among those modern French interpreters of Hegel, the greatest was certainly Alexandre Kojeve, a brilliant Russian emigre who taught a highly influential series of seminars in Paris in the 1930s at the Ecole Practique des Hautes Etudes . While largely unknown in intro to great gatsby the United States, Kojeve had a major impact on help, the intellectual life of the continent. Among his students ranged such future luminaries as Jean-Paul Sartre on the Left and Raymond Aron on the Right; postwar existentialism borrowed many of its basic categories from Hegel via Kojeve.
Kojeve sought to resurrect the Hegel of the Phenomenology of Mind , the Hegel who proclaimed history to be at stop animal abuse persuasive essay an end in 1806. For as early as this Hegel saw in help for kids Napoleon's defeat of the Prussian monarchy at the Battle of Jena the victory of the ideals of the French Revolution, and the imminent universalization of the state incorporating the principles of liberty and equality. Kojeve, far from rejecting Hegel in light of the turbulent events of the next century and a half, insisted that the latter had been essentially correct. The Battle of Jena marked the end of history because it was at that point that the vanguard of humanity (a term quite familiar to wageningen Marxists) actualized the principles of the French Revolution. While there was considerable work to be done after 1806 - abolishing slavery and the slave trade, extending the franchise to workers, women, blacks, and help for kids, other racial minorities, etc. - the basic principles of the liberal democratic state could not be improved upon. The two world wars in this century and their attendant revolutions and upheavals simply had the effect of extending those principles spatially, such that the various provinces of human civilization were brought up to the level of its most advanced outposts, and of forcing those societies in Europe and North America at the vanguard of civilization to animal abuse persuasive implement their liberalism more fully.
The state that emerges at the end of history is liberal insofar as it recognizes and protects through a system of law man's universal right to freedom, and democratic insofar as it exists only with the consent of the governed. For Kojeve, this so-called universal homogenous state found real-life embodiment in the countries of homework for kids, postwar Western Europe - precisely those flabby, prosperous, self-satisfied, inward-looking, weak-willed states whose grandest project was nothing more heroic than the creation of the Common Market. But this was only to be expected. For human history and the conflict that characterized it was based on the existence of contradictions: primitive man's quest for mutual recognition, the dialectic of the master and slave, the transformation and mastery of nature, the struggle for the universal recognition of rights, and the dichotomy between proletarian and conjugations of essayer, capitalist. But in the universal homogenous state, all prior contradictions are resolved and all human needs are satisfied. There is no struggle or conflict over large issues, and consequently no need for generals or statesmen; what remains is primarily economic activity.
And indeed, Kojeve's life was consistent with his teaching. Believing that there was no more work for help homework philosophers as well, since Hegel (correctly understood) had already achieved absolute knowledge, Kojeve left teaching after the war and spent the remainder of his life working as a bureaucrat in the European Economic Community, until his death in 1968. To his contemporaries at mid-century, Kojeve's proclamation of the end of history must have seemed like the typical eccentric solipsism of a French intellectual, coming as it did on the heels of World War II and at the very height of the Cold War. To comprehend how Kojeve could have been so audacious as to assert that history has ended, we must first of of essayer, all understand the meaning of Hegelian idealism. FOR HEGEL, the contradictions that drive history exist first of all in the realm of human consciousness, i.e. on the level of ideas - not the trivial election year proposals of American politicians, but ideas in the sense of large unifying world views that might best be understood under the rubric of ideology. Ideology in this sense is not restricted to the secular and explicit political doctrines we usually associate with the term, but can include religion, culture, and the complex of moral values underlying any society as well. Hegel's view of the relationship between the ideal and the real or material worlds was an extremely complicated one, beginning with the fact that for him the distinction between the homework, two was only apparent. He did not believe that the real world conformed or could be made to conform to ideological preconceptions of philosophy professors in any simpleminded way, or that the material world could not impinge on hilfe bei der bachelorarbeit, the ideal. Indeed, Hegel the professor was temporarily thrown out of work as a result of a very material event, the Battle of Jena. But while Hegel's writing and thinking could be stopped by a bullet from the help homework, material world, the hand on the trigger of the gun was motivated in turn by the ideas of liberty and equality that had driven the French Revolution. For Hegel, all human behavior in the material world, and hence all human history, is rooted in a prior state of gatsby, consciousness - an idea similar to help homework the one expressed by John Maynard Keynes when he said that the views of men of affairs were usually derived from defunct economists and academic scribblers of earlier generations.
This consciousness may not be explicit and self-aware, as are modern political doctrines, but may rather take the form of conjugations of essayer, religion or simple cultural or moral habits. And yet this realm of consciousness in the long run necessarily becomes manifest in the material world, indeed creates the material world in its own image. Help! Consciousness is cause and intro to great essay, not effect, and can develop autonomously from the material world; hence the real subtext underlying the apparent jumble of homework for kids, current events is the history of ideology. Hegel's idealism has fared poorly at the hands of later thinkers. Marx reversed the priority of the real and the ideal completely, relegating the stop persuasive essay, entire realm of consciousness - religion, art, culture, philosophy itself - to a superstructure that was determined entirely by the prevailing material mode of production. Homework! Yet another unfortunate legacy of Marxism is our tendency to retreat into materialist or utilitarian explanations of political or historical phenomena, and our disinclination to believe in the autonomous power of ideas. A recent example of stop abuse persuasive, this is Paul Kennedy's hugely successful The Rise and Fall of the homework, Great Powers , which ascribes the decline of great powers to simple economic overextension. Obviously, this is true on some level: an empire whose economy is barely above the level of subsistence cannot bankrupt its treasury indefinitely. But whether a highly productive modern industrial society chooses to spend 3 or 7 percent of its GNP on defense rather than consumption is conjugations entirely a matter of that society's political priorities, which are in turn determined in the realm of consciousness.
The materialist bias of modern thought is characteristic not only of people on the Left who may be sympathetic to Marxism, but of many passionate anti-Marxists as well. For Kids! Indeed, there is on the Right what one might label the Wall Street Journal school of deterministic materialism that discounts the importance of wageningen, ideology and homework, culture and sees man as essentially a rational, profit-maximizing individual. It is precisely this kind of individual and his pursuit of material incentives that is posited as the eric, basis for economic life as such in economic textbooks. One small example will illustrate the problematic character of such materialist views. Max Weber begins his famous book, The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism , by noting the different economic performance of Protestant and Catholic communities throughout Europe and America, summed up in the proverb that Protestants eat well while Catholics sleep well. Weber notes that according to any economic theory that posited man as a rational profit-maximizer, raising the piece-work rate should increase labor productivity. But in for kids fact, in many traditional peasant communities, raising the piece-work rate actually had the opposite effect of lowering labor productivity: at the higher rate, a peasant accustomed to earning two and one-half marks per day found he could earn the intro to great gatsby, same amount by working less, and did so because he valued leisure more than income. The choices of leisure over income, or of the militaristic life of the Spartan hoplite over the wealth of the Athenian trader, or even the ascetic life of the early capitalist entrepreneur over that of help homework, a traditional leisured aristocrat, cannot possibly be explained by the impersonal working of material forces, but come preeminently out hilfe bei der bachelorarbeit of the sphere of consciousness - what we have labeled here broadly as ideology.
And indeed, a central theme of Weber's work was to prove that contrary to Marx, the material mode of production, far from help homework being the eric medcalf resume, base, was itself a superstructure with roots in religion and culture, and that to understand the emergence of modern capitalism and the profit motive one had to study their antecedents in the realm of the spirit. As we look around the contemporary world, the poverty of materialist theories of for kids, economic development is all too apparent. The Wall Street Journal school of deterministic materialism habitually points to the stunning economic success of Asia in the past few decades as evidence of the viability of free market economics, with the implication that all societies would see similar development were they simply to allow their populations to pursue their material self-interest freely. Surely free markets and stable political systems are a necessary precondition to capitalist economic growth. But just as surely the cultural heritage of and human relations movement, those Far Eastern societies, the ethic of work and saving and family, a religious heritage that does not, like Islam, place restrictions on certain forms of economic behavior, and other deeply ingrained moral qualities, are equally important in for kids explaining their economic performance. And yet the intellectual weight of materialism is conjugations such that not a single respectable contemporary theory of economic development addresses consciousness and culture seriously as the matrix within which economic behavior is formed.
FAILURE to homework for kids understand that the roots of economic behavior lie in the realm of of essayer, consciousness and culture leads to the common mistake of attributing material causes to phenomena that are essentially ideal in nature. For example, it is commonplace in the West to interpret the reform movements first in China and most recently in the Soviet Union as the victory of the material over the ideal - that is, a recognition that ideological incentives could not replace material ones in stimulating a highly productive modern economy, and that if one wanted to prosper one had to appeal to help baser forms of self-interest. But the deep defects of socialist economies were evident thirty or forty years ago to anyone who chose to look. Why was it that these countries moved away from central planning only in the 1980s' The answer must be found in the consciousness of the elites and leaders ruling them, who decided to wageningen opt for the Protestant life of wealth and risk over the Catholic path of poverty and help homework, security. That change was in no way made inevitable by the material conditions in which either country found itself on the eve of the reform, but instead came about as the result of the victory of one idea over another. For Kojeve, as for all good Hegelians, understanding the underlying processes of history requires understanding developments in the realm of consciousness or ideas, since consciousness will ultimately remake the material world in its own image. To say that history ended in management movement 1806 meant that mankind's ideological evolution ended in the ideals of the help homework, French or American Revolutions: while particular regimes in the real world might not implement these ideals fully, their theoretical truth is absolute and could not be improved upon. Hence it did not matter to Kojeve that the consciousness of the postwar generation of Europeans had not been universalized throughout the world; if ideological development had in fact ended, the homogenous state would eventually become victorious throughout the material world. I have neither the space nor, frankly, the thesis, ability to defend in depth Hegel's radical idealist perspective.
The issue is not whether Hegel's system was right, but whether his perspective might uncover the problematic nature of many materialist explanations we often take for granted. This is not to deny the role of help for kids, material factors as such. To a literal-minded idealist, human society can be built around any arbitrary set of principles regardless of scientific and human essay, their relationship to help the material world. And in fact men have proven themselves able to endure the conjugations of essayer, most extreme material hardships in the name of ideas that exist in the realm of the spirit alone, be it the divinity of cows or the nature of the Holy Trinity. But while man's very perception of the material world is shaped by help homework for kids his historical consciousness of it, the relations, material world can clearly affect in return the viability of a particular state of consciousness. In particular, the spectacular abundance of advanced liberal economies and the infinitely diverse consumer culture made possible by them seem to homework for kids both foster and preserve liberalism in the political sphere. I want to avoid the materialist determinism that says that liberal economics inevitably produces liberal politics, because I believe that both economics and politics presuppose an autonomous prior state of consciousness that makes them possible.
But that state of consciousness that permits the conjugations, growth of liberalism seems to stabilize in the way one would expect at the end of history if it is underwritten by the abundance of a modern free market economy. We might summarize the content of the universal homogenous state as liberal democracy in the political sphere combined with easy access to homework for kids VCRs and bachelorarbeit, stereos in the economic. HAVE WE in fact reached the help, end of history? Are there, in other words, any fundamental contradictions in human life that cannot be resolved in the context of hilfe, modern liberalism, that would be resolvable by an alternative political-economic structure? If we accept the for kids, idealist premises laid out above, we must seek an answer to this question in the realm of ideology and consciousness. Our task is not to answer exhaustively the challenges to liberalism promoted by of essayer every crackpot messiah around the world, but only those that are embodied in for kids important social or political forces and movements, and which are therefore part of world history. For our purposes, it matters very little what strange thoughts occur to people in Albania or Burkina Faso, for we are interested in what one could in some sense call the common ideological heritage of mankind.
In the past century, there have been two major challenges to liberalism, those of fascism and of communism. The former saw the political weakness, materialism, anomie, and lack of community of the West as fundamental contradictions in liberal societies that could only be resolved by to great gatsby a strong state that forged a new people on the basis of national exclusiveness. Fascism was destroyed as a living ideology by World War II. Help! This was a defeat, of course, on a very material level, but it amounted to a defeat of the idea as well. Eric Medcalf! What destroyed fascism as an idea was not universal moral revulsion against it, since plenty of help for kids, people were willing to endorse the idea as long as it seemed the stop animal abuse persuasive, wave of the future, but its lack of success. After the war, it seemed to most people that German fascism as well as its other European and Asian variants were bound to self-destruct. Homework For Kids! There was no material reason why new fascist movements could not have sprung up again after the war in hilfe bachelorarbeit other locales, but for the fact that expansionist ultranationalism, with its promise of unending conflict leading to disastrous military defeat, had completely lost its appeal. The ruins of the Reich chancellery as well as the atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima and for kids, Nagasaki killed this ideology on the level of consciousness as well as materially, and all of the pro-fascist movements spawned by the German and Japanese examples like the Peronist movement in Argentina or Subhas Chandra Bose's Indian National Army withered after the war. The ideological challenge mounted by the other great alternative to liberalism, communism, was far more serious. Marx, speaking Hegel's language, asserted that liberal society contained a fundamental contradiction that could not be resolved within its context, that between capital and stop animal, labor, and this contradiction has constituted the chief accusation against liberalism ever since. But surely, the help homework for kids, class issue has actually been successfully resolved in the West.
As Kojeve (among others) noted, the egalitarianism of management essay, modern America represents the essential achievement of the classless society envisioned by Marx. This is not to say that there are not rich people and poor people in the United States, or that the gap between them has not grown in recent years. But the root causes of economic inequality do not have to homework for kids do with the underlying legal and wageningen, social structure of help homework for kids, our society, which remains fundamentally egalitarian and thesis online, moderately redistributionist, so much as with the cultural and social characteristics of the groups that make it up, which are in help homework for kids turn the historical legacy of premodern conditions. Thus black poverty in the United States is not the inherent product of liberalism, but is rather the legacy of slavery and racism which persisted long after the formal abolition of relations movement essay, slavery. As a result of the receding of the class issue, the appeal of communism in the developed Western world, it is safe to say, is lower today than any time since the end of the First World War. This can he measured in any number of help, ways: in the declining membership and electoral pull of the major European communist parties, and their overtly revisionist programs; in scientific management and human relations essay the corresponding electoral success of conservative parties from Britain and Germany to the United States and Japan, which are unabashedly pro-market and anti-statist; and in an intellectual climate whose most advanced members no longer believe that bourgeois society is something that ultimately needs to homework be overcome. This is eric resume not to say that the opinions of progressive intellectuals in Western countries are not deeply pathological in any number of ways. But those who believe that the future must inevitably be socialist tend to be very old, or very marginal to the real political discourse of their societies. 0NE MAY argue that the help, socialist alternative was never terribly plausible for the North Atlantic world, and was sustained for the last several decades primarily by its success outside of hilfe bei der bachelorarbeit, this region.
But it is precisely in the non-European world that one is most struck by the occurrence of major ideological transformations. For Kids! Surely the most remarkable changes have occurred in Asia. Resume! Due to help homework for kids the strength and adaptability of the indigenous cultures there, Asia became a battleground for a variety of imported Western ideologies early in this century. Scientific Management Relations! Liberalism in Asia was a very weak reed in for kids the period after World War I; it is scientific and human relations essay easy today to help for kids forget how gloomy Asia's political future looked as recently as ten or fifteen years ago. Medcalf Resume! It is easy to forget as well how momentous the help homework for kids, outcome of Asian ideological struggles seemed for world political development as a whole. The first Asian alternative to liberalism to be decisively defeated was the fascist one represented by intro to great gatsby essay Imperial Japan. Japanese fascism (like its German version) was defeated by the force of American arms in the Pacific war, and help, liberal democracy was imposed on Japan by a victorious United States. Western capitalism and political liberalism when transplanted to management and human relations movement essay Japan were adapted and transformed by the Japanese in such a way as to be scarcely recognizable. Many Americans are now aware that Japanese industrial organization is very different from help homework that prevailing in the United States or Europe, and it is scientific management relations essay questionable what relationship the factional maneuvering that takes place with the governing Liberal Democratic Party bears to help homework for kids democracy. Nonetheless, the very fact that the conjugations of essayer, essential elements of economic and political liberalism have been so successfully grafted onto uniquely Japanese traditions and institutions guarantees their survival in homework the long run. More important is the contribution that Japan has made in turn to world history by following in wageningen thesis online the footsteps of the United States to create a truly universal consumer culture that has become both a symbol and an underpinning of the help, universal homogenous state. V.S.
Naipaul traveling in Khomeini's Iran shortly after the revolution noted the omnipresent signs advertising the thesis online, products of Sony, Hitachi, and JVC, whose appeal remained virtually irresistible and homework, gave the lie to the regime's pretensions of gatsby, restoring a state based on for kids, the rule of the Shariah . Desire for to great gatsby access to help homework for kids the consumer culture, created in large measure by Japan, has played a crucial role in fostering the spread of economic liberalism throughout Asia, and hence in promoting political liberalism as well. The economic success of the other newly industrializing countries (NICs) in Asia following on the example of Japan is by conjugations of essayer now a familiar story. What is important from help homework a Hegelian standpoint is that political liberalism has been following economic liberalism, more slowly than many had hoped but with seeming inevitability. Here again we see the victory of the idea of the intro essay, universal homogenous state. South Korea had developed into a modern, urbanized society with an increasingly large and well-educated middle class that could not possibly be isolated from the larger democratic trends around them. Help! Under these circumstances it seemed intolerable to a large part of this population that it should be ruled by medcalf resume an anachronistic military regime while Japan, only a decade or so ahead in economic terms, had parliamentary institutions for over forty years. Even the former socialist regime in Burma, which for so many decades existed in dismal isolation from the larger trends dominating Asia, was buffeted in the past year by pressures to liberalize both its economy and political system.
It is said that unhappiness with strongman Ne Win began when a senior Burmese officer went to Singapore for medical treatment and broke down crying when he saw how far socialist Burma had been left behind by its ASEAN neighbors. BUT THE power of the liberal idea would seem much less impressive if it had not infected the largest and oldest culture in Asia, China. The simple existence of communist China created an alternative pole of ideological attraction, and as such constituted a threat to liberalism. But the past fifteen years have seen an almost total discrediting of Marxism-Leninism as an economic system. Beginning with the for kids, famous third plenum of the Tenth Central Committee in 1978, the thesis, Chinese Communist party set about decollectivizing agriculture for the 800 million Chinese who still lived in the countryside. The role of the state in homework agriculture was reduced to that of a tax collector, while production of consumer goods was sharply increased in order to give peasants a taste of the universal homogenous state and thereby an incentive to work. The reform doubled Chinese grain output in only five years, and in the process created for Deng Xiaoping a solid political base from persuasive essay which he was able to extend the reform to other parts of the homework for kids, economy. Economic Statistics do not begin to describe the dynamism, initiative, and openness evident in eric resume China since the reform began. China could not now be described in any way as a liberal democracy.
At present, no more than 20 percent of its economy has been marketized, and most importantly it continues to help homework be ruled by a self-appointed Communist party which has given no hint of management and human, wanting to devolve power. Deng has made none of Gorbachev's promises regarding democratization of the political system and there is no Chinese equivalent of glasnost. The Chinese leadership has in fact been much more circumspect in criticizing Mao and Maoism than Gorbachev with respect to Brezhnev and Stalin, and help for kids, the regime continues to pay lip service to Marxism-Leninism as its ideological underpinning. Scientific Management And Human Essay! But anyone familiar with the outlook and behavior of the new technocratic elite now governing China knows that Marxism and ideological principle have become virtually irrelevant as guides to for kids policy, and management movement, that bourgeois consumerism has a real meaning in that country for the first time since the homework for kids, revolution. The various slowdowns in the pace of reform, the campaigns against spiritual pollution and crackdowns on political dissent are more properly seen as tactical adjustments made in the process of stop animal abuse persuasive essay, managing what is an extraordinarily difficult political transition. By ducking the question of political reform while putting the economy on a new footing, Deng has managed to avoid the breakdown of authority that has accompanied Gorbachev's perestroika . Help For Kids! Yet the pull of the liberal idea continues to be very strong as economic power devolves and the economy becomes more open to the outside world. There are currently over 20,000 Chinese students studying in the U.S. and other Western countries, almost all of them the children of the bachelorarbeit, Chinese elite. It is hard to believe that when they return home to run the country they will be content for help China to be the only country in gatsby essay Asia unaffected by homework the larger democratizing trend. The student demonstrations in Beijing that broke out first in December 1986 and recurred recently on the occasion of Hu Yao-bang's death were only the beginning of what will inevitably be mounting pressure for change in the political system as well. What is important about China from the standpoint of conjugations of essayer, world history is not the present state of the reform or even its future prospects.
The central issue is the fact that the homework for kids, People's Republic of China can no longer act as a beacon for illiberal forces around the online, world, whether they be guerrillas in some Asian jungle or middle class students in Paris. Maoism, rather than being the pattern for Asia's future, became an anachronism, and it was the mainland Chinese who in fact were decisively influenced by the prosperity and dynamism of help homework, their overseas co-ethnics - the ironic ultimate victory of Taiwan. Important as these changes in China have been, however, it is developments in the Soviet Union - the original homeland of the world proletariat - that have put the final nail in the coffin of the Marxist-Leninist alternative to liberal democracy. It should be clear that in wageningen thesis terms of formal institutions, not much has changed in the four years since Gorbachev has come to power: free markets and the cooperative movement represent only a small part of the Soviet economy, which remains centrally planned; the political system is help for kids still dominated by the Communist party, which has only begun to democratize internally and to to great gatsby share power with other groups; the regime continues to assert that it is seeking only to modernize socialism and help for kids, that its ideological basis remains Marxism-Leninism; and, finally, Gorbachev faces a potentially powerful conservative opposition that could undo many of the changes that have taken place to date. Online! Moreover, it is hard to for kids be too sanguine about the chances for success of Gorbachev's proposed reforms, either in the sphere of eric, economics or politics.
But my purpose here is not to analyze events in the short-term, or to make predictions for policy purposes, but to look at underlying trends in the sphere of ideology and consciousness. And in that respect, it is help homework clear that an conjugations astounding transformation has occurred. Emigres from the help for kids, Soviet Union have been reporting for at of essayer least the help homework, last generation now that virtually nobody in that country truly believed in Marxism-Leninism any longer, and thesis, that this was nowhere more true than in the Soviet elite, which continued to mouth Marxist slogans out of sheer cynicism. The corruption and decadence of the late Brezhnev-era Soviet state seemed to matter little, however, for help as long as the stop animal abuse persuasive essay, state itself refused to throw into help homework question any of the fundamental principles underlying Soviet society, the system was capable of functioning adequately out of sheer inertia and could even muster some dynamism in the realm of foreign and defense policy. Marxism-Leninism was like a magical incantation which, however absurd and devoid of meaning, was the only common basis on which the elite could agree to rule Soviet society. WHAT HAS happened in the four years since Gorbachev's coming to power is a revolutionary assault on the most fundamental institutions and principles of Stalinism, and their replacement by other principles which do not amount to scientific relations movement liberalism per se but whose only connecting thread is liberalism. This is most evident in the economic sphere, where the reform economists around Gorbachev have become steadily more radical in their support for free markets, to the point where some like Nikolai Shmelev do not mind being compared in public to homework Milton Friedman. Eric Resume! There is a virtual consensus among the currently dominant school of homework, Soviet economists now that central planning and the command system of allocation are the root cause of economic inefficiency, and that if the Soviet system is ever to heal itself, it must permit free and decentralized decision-making with respect to of essayer investment, labor, and prices.
After a couple of initial years of ideological confusion, these principles have finally been incorporated into help homework for kids policy with the promulgation of new laws on enterprise autonomy, cooperatives, and stop animal persuasive, finally in 1988 on lease arrangements and family farming. There are, of course, a number of homework, fatal flaws in the current implementation of the reform, most notably the absence of a thoroughgoing price reform. But the problem is no longer a conceptual one: Gorbachev and his lieutenants seem to understand the economic logic of marketization well enough, but like the leaders of a Third World country facing the IMF, are afraid of the social consequences of ending consumer subsidies and other forms of dependence on intro, the state sector. In the political sphere, the proposed changes to the Soviet constitution, legal system, and homework, party rules amount to much less than the establishment of a liberal state. Gorbachev has spoken of democratization primarily in the sphere of intro gatsby essay, internal party affairs, and has shown little intention of ending the Communist party's monopoly of power; indeed, the help, political reform seeks to legitimize and therefore strengthen the CPSU'S rule. Nonetheless, the general principles underlying many of the reforms - that the people should be truly responsible for their own affairs, that higher political bodies should be answerable to lower ones, and not vice versa, that the rule of law should prevail over arbitrary police actions, with separation of powers and an independent judiciary, that there should be legal protection for property rights, the need for open discussion of public issues and to great essay, the right of public dissent, the empowering of the Soviets as a forum in which the help for kids, whole Soviet people can participate, and of a political culture that is more tolerant and pluralistic - come from a source fundamentally alien to the USSR's Marxist-Leninist tradition, even if they are incompletely articulated and poorly implemented in practice. Gorbachev's repeated assertions that he is doing no more than trying to restore the original meaning of Leninism are themselves a kind of stop animal abuse persuasive essay, Orwellian doublespeak. Gorbachev and help homework, his allies have consistently maintained that intraparty democracy was somehow the essence of Leninism, and that the various lib era1 practices of eric medcalf resume, open debate, secret ballot elections, and rule of help homework for kids, law were all part of the Leninist heritage, corrupted only later by Stalin. While almost anyone would look good compared to Stalin, drawing so sharp a line between Lenin and his successor is questionable. The essence of Lenin's democratic centralism was centralism, not democracy; that is, the absolutely rigid, monolithic, and eric medcalf resume, disciplined dictatorship of a hierarchically organized vanguard Communist party, speaking in the name of the help homework for kids, demos. All of Lenin's vicious polemics against Karl Kautsky, Rosa Luxemburg, and various other Menshevik and Social Democratic rivals, not to mention his contempt for bourgeois legality and of essayer, freedoms, centered around his profound conviction that a revolution could not be successfully made by a democratically run organization.
Gorbachev's claim that he is help homework seeking to return to the true Lenin is perfectly easy to understand: having fostered a thorough denunciation of Stalinism and Brezhnevism as the root of the USSR's present predicament, he needs some point in Soviet history on which to anchor the legitimacy of the CPSU'S continued rule. But Gorbachev's tactical requirements should not blind us to the fact that the democratizing and decentralizing principles which he has enunciated in both the economic and political spheres are highly subversive of some of the most fundamental precepts of both Marxism and Leninism. Indeed, if the bulk of the present economic reform proposals were put into effect, it is hard to know how the Soviet economy would be more socialist than those of other Western countries with large public sectors. The Soviet Union could in no way be described as a liberal or democratic country now, nor do I think that it is terribly likely that perestroika will succeed such that the label will be thinkable any time in conjugations of essayer the near future. Help! But at the end of history it is not necessary that all societies become successful liberal societies, merely that they end their ideological pretensions of representing different and higher forms of human society. And in this respect I believe that something very important has happened in the Soviet Union in intro to great gatsby the past few years: the criticisms of the Soviet system sanctioned by Gorbachev have been so thorough and devastating that there is very little chance of going back to either Stalinism or Brezhnevism in any simple way. Homework! Gorbachev has finally permitted people to say what they had privately understood for conjugations many years, namely, that the magical incantations of Marxism-Leninism were nonsense, that Soviet socialism was not superior to help homework for kids the West in any respect but was in medcalf fact a monumental failure. The conservative opposition in the USSR, consisting both of simple workers afraid of unemployment and inflation and of party officials fearful of losing their jobs and privileges, is outspoken and may be strong enough to force Gorbachev's ouster in the next few years. But what both groups desire is tradition, order, and authority; they manifest no deep commitment to Marxism-Leninism, except insofar as they have invested much of their own lives in it. For authority to be restored in the Soviet Union after Gorbachev's demolition work, it must be on the basis of help for kids, some new and vigorous ideology which has not yet appeared on the horizon.
IF WE ADMIT for the moment that the fascist and communist challenges to eric medcalf liberalism are dead, are there any other ideological competitors left? Or put another way, are there contradictions in liberal society beyond that of help homework for kids, class that are not resolvable? Two possibilities suggest themselves, those of religion and nationalism. The rise of religious fundamentalism in recent years within the Christian, Jewish, and Muslim traditions has been widely noted. One is inclined to say that the revival of religion in animal abuse essay some way attests to homework a broad unhappiness with the impersonality and spiritual vacuity of liberal consumerist societies. Yet while the emptiness at the core of liberalism is most certainly a defect in the ideology - indeed, a flaw that one does not need the perspective of religion to recognize - it is not at all clear that it is remediable through politics. Modern liberalism itself was historically a consequence of the weakness of religiously-based societies which, failing to agree on the nature of the good life, could not provide even the conjugations, minimal preconditions of help, peace and stability. Wageningen Online! In the contemporary world only Islam has offered a theocratic state as a political alternative to both liberalism and communism. But the doctrine has little appeal for non-Muslims, and it is hard to believe that the homework for kids, movement will take on any universal significance.
Other less organized religious impulses have been successfully satisfied within the sphere of personal life that is permitted in eric medcalf resume liberal societies. The other major contradiction potentially unresolvable by liberalism is the one posed by nationalism and other forms of racial and ethnic consciousness. It is certainly true that a very large degree of conflict since the Battle of Jena has had its roots in nationalism. Two cataclysmic world wars in this century have been spawned by the nationalism of the developed world in various guises, and if those passions have been muted to a certain extent in postwar Europe, they are still extremely powerful in homework for kids the Third World. Nationalism has been a threat to liberalism historically in Germany, and continues to be one in isolated parts of conjugations, post-historical Europe like Northern Ireland. But it is not clear that nationalism rep resents an irreconcilable contradiction in the heart of liberalism. In the first place, nationalism is not one single phenomenon but several, ranging from mild cultural nostalgia to the highly organized and elaborately articulated doctrine of National Socialism. Only systematic nationalisms of the latter sort can qualify as a formal ideology on for kids, the level of liberalism or communism. The vast majority of the world's nationalist movements do not have a political program beyond the negative desire of independence from some other group or people, and do not offer anything like a comprehensive agenda for conjugations of essayer socio-economic organization. As such, they are compatible with doctrines and homework, ideologies that do offer such agendas.
While they may constitute a source of conflict for liberal societies, this conflict does not arise from liberalism itself so much as from the fact that the wageningen, liberalism in question is help incomplete. Certainly a great deal of the world's ethnic and nationalist tension can be explained in terms of peoples who are forced to live in unrepresentative political systems that they have not chosen. While it is impossible to rule out the sudden appearance of new ideologies or previously unrecognized contradictions in liberal societies, then, the present world seems to confirm that the fundamental principles of sociopolitical organization have not advanced terribly far since 1806. Many of the wars and revolutions fought since that time have been undertaken in stop abuse persuasive essay the name of ideologies which claimed to be more advanced than liberalism, but whose pretensions were ultimately unmasked by history. In the for kids, meantime, they have helped to spread the universal homogenous state to the point where it could have a significant effect on the overall character of international relations. WHAT ARE the implications of the end of history for international relations? Clearly, the vast bulk of the Third World remains very much mired in conjugations history, and will be a terrain of conflict for many years to help homework for kids come. But let us focus for the time being on the larger and more developed states of the world who after all account for the greater part of world politics. Russia and China are not likely to join the developed nations of the West as liberal societies any time in hilfe bei der the foreseeable future, but suppose for a moment that Marxism-Leninism ceases to be a factor driving the foreign policies of these states - a prospect which, if not yet here, the last few years have made a real possibility. How will the overall characteristics of a de-ideologized world differ from those of the one with which we are familiar at such a hypothetical juncture? The most common answer is help for kids - not very much.
For there is a very widespread belief among many observers of international relations that underneath the eric resume, skin of ideology is a hard core of great power national interest that guarantees a fairly high level of homework for kids, competition and conflict between nations. Indeed, according to one academically popular school of animal persuasive, international relations theory, conflict inheres in help homework the international system as such, and to understand the prospects for conflict one must look at the shape of the wageningen online, system - for example, whether it is bipolar or multipolar - rather than at the specific character of the nations and regimes that constitute it. This school in effect applies a Hobbesian view of for kids, politics to international relations, and assumes that aggression and insecurity are universal characteristics of intro gatsby essay, human societies rather than the product of specific historical circumstances. Believers in this line of help homework, thought take the stop animal persuasive essay, relations that existed between the participants in the classical nineteenth century European balance of power as a model for what a de-ideologized contemporary world would look like. Charles Krauthammer, for example, recently explained that if as a result of Gorbachev's reforms the USSR is help shorn of relations movement, Marxist-Leninist ideology, its behavior will revert to that of nineteenth century imperial Russia. While he finds this more reassuring than the threat posed by a communist Russia, he implies that there will still be a substantial degree of competition and conflict in for kids the international system, just as there was say between Russia and Britain or Wilhelmine Germany in the last century. This is, of course, a convenient point of view for people who want to admit that something major is changing in the Soviet Union, but do not want to accept responsibility for recommending the eric medcalf resume, radical policy redirection implicit in such a view. But is it true?
In fact, the notion that ideology is a superstructure imposed on a substratum of permanent great power interest is a highly questionable proposition. For the help, way in which any state defines its national interest is not universal but rests on some kind of prior ideological basis, just as we saw that economic behavior is determined by a prior state of consciousness. Animal Abuse Persuasive! In this century, states have adopted highly articulated doctrines with explicit foreign policy agendas legitimizing expansionism, like Marxism-Leninism or National Socialism. THE EXPANSIONIST and competitive behavior of nineteenth-century European states rested on no less ideal a basis; it just so happened that the for kids, ideology driving it was less explicit than the doctrines of the twentieth century. For one thing, most liberal European societies were illiberal insofar as they believed in the legitimacy of imperialism, that is, the right of one nation to rule over other nations without regard for the wishes of the ruled. The justifications for imperialism varied from nation to nation, from a crude belief in the legitimacy of force, particularly when applied to non-Europeans, to animal persuasive the White Man's Burden and Europe's Christianizing mission, to the desire to give people of color access to the culture of Rabelais and Moliere. But whatever the particular ideological basis, every developed country believed in the acceptability of higher civilizations ruling lower ones - including, incidentally, the help homework, United States with regard to conjugations the Philippines. This led to a drive for homework pure territorial aggrandizement in the latter half of the century and played no small role in hilfe bachelorarbeit causing the Great War. The radical and help for kids, deformed outgrowth of nineteenth-century imperialism was German fascism, an online ideology which justified Germany's right not only to homework rule over non-European peoples, but over all non-German ones. Conjugations! But in retrospect it seems that Hitler represented a diseased bypath in the general course of European development, and help, since his fiery defeat, the medcalf resume, legitimacy of any kind of territorial aggrandizement has been thoroughly discredited. Since the Second World War, European nationalism has been defanged and shorn of any real relevance to foreign policy, with the consequence that the nineteenth-century model of great power behavior has become a serious anachronism. Help For Kids! The most extreme form of nationalism that any Western European state has mustered since 1945 has been Gaullism, whose self-assertion has been confined largely to the realm of nuisance politics and culture.
International life for the part of the world that has reached the end of history is intro gatsby essay far more preoccupied with economics than with politics or strategy. The developed states of the West do maintain defense establishments and in the postwar period have competed vigorously for influence to homework for kids meet a worldwide communist threat. This behavior has been driven, however, by an external threat from thesis online states that possess overtly expansionist ideologies, and would not exist in their absence. To take the neo-realist theory seriously, one would have to believe that natural competitive behavior would reassert itself among the OECD states were Russia and China to disappear from the face of the homework, earth. That is, West Germany and France would arm themselves against each other as they did in the 193Os, Australia and New Zealand would send military advisers to block each others' advances in Africa, and the U.S.-Canadian border would become fortified.
Such a prospect is, of course, ludicrous: minus Marxist-Leninist ideology, we are far more likely to see the Common Marketization of world politics than the disintegration of the EEC into conjugations nineteenth-century competitiveness. Indeed, as our experiences in dealing with Europe on matters such as terrorism or Libya prove, they are much further gone than we down the road that denies the legitimacy of the use of force in international politics, even in self-defense. The automatic assumption that Russia shorn of its expansionist communist ideology should pick up where the czars left off just prior to the Bolshevik Revolution is therefore a curious one. It assumes that the evolution of human consciousness has stood still in the meantime, and that the Soviets, while picking up currently fashionable ideas in the realm of help for kids, economics, will return to foreign policy views a century out of date in the rest of Europe. This is certainly not what happened to China after it began its reform process. Of Essayer! Chinese competitiveness and expansionism on the world scene have virtually disappeared: Beijing no longer sponsors Maoist insurgencies or tries to cultivate influence in distant African countries as it did in the 1960s. This is not to say that there are not troublesome aspects to contemporary Chinese foreign policy, such as the reckless sale of ballistic missile technology in the Middle East; and the PRC continues to homework for kids manifest traditional great power behavior in intro to great gatsby its sponsorship of the Khmer Rouge against Vietnam. Homework For Kids! But the former is explained by commercial motives and the latter is a vestige of earlier ideologically-based rivalries. The new China far more resembles Gaullist France than pre-World War I Germany. The real question for the future, however, is the degree to which Soviet elites have assimilated the consciousness of the universal homogenous state that is post-Hitler Europe.
From their writings and from my own personal contacts with them, there is no question in my mind that the liberal Soviet intelligentsia rallying around Gorbachev have arrived at the end-of-history view in a remarkably short time, due in no small measure to the contacts they have had since the Brezhnev era with the larger European civilization around them. New political thinking, the general rubric for their views, describes a world dominated by economic concerns, in which there are no ideological grounds for major conflict between nations, and in which, consequently, the use of military force becomes less legitimate. As Foreign Minister Shevardnadze put it in mid-1988: The struggle between two opposing systems is no longer a determining tendency of the present-day era. At the modern stage, the ability to build up material wealth at conjugations an accelerated rate on the basis of front-ranking science and high-level techniques and technology, and to help homework distribute it fairly, and through joint efforts to scientific and human relations movement essay restore and protect the resources necessary for mankind's survival acquires decisive importance. The post-historical consciousness represented by homework new thinking is conjugations only one possible future for the Soviet Union, however. There has always been a very strong current of great Russian chauvinism in the Soviet Union, which has found freer expression since the homework, advent of glasnost . It may be possible to return to traditional Marxism-Leninism for a while as a simple rallying point for those who want to restore the authority that Gorbachev has dissipated.
But as in scientific management and human essay Poland, Marxism-Leninism is dead as a mobilizing ideology: under its banner people cannot be made to work harder, and its adherents have lost confidence in themselves. Unlike the propagators of traditional Marxism-Leninism, however, ultranationalists in the USSR believe in their Slavophile cause passionately, and one gets the sense that the fascist alternative is not one that has played itself out entirely there. The Soviet Union, then, is at a fork in help homework the road: it can start down the medcalf resume, path that was staked out by Western Europe forty-five years ago, a path that most of Asia has followed, or it can realize its own uniqueness and remain stuck in homework history. Conjugations Of Essayer! The choice it makes will be highly important for us, given the help for kids, Soviet Union's size and military strength, for that power will continue to preoccupy us and slow our realization that we have already emerged on resume, the other side of history. THE PASSING of Marxism-Leninism first from China and then from the Soviet Union will mean its death as a living ideology of help homework for kids, world historical significance. For while there may be some isolated true believers left in places like Managua, Pyongyang, or Cambridge, Massachusetts, the fact that there is not a single large state in which it is a going concern undermines completely its pretensions to being in the vanguard of human history. And the death of this ideology means the growing Common Marketization of international relations, and the diminution of the intro to great gatsby, likelihood of large-scale conflict between states. This does not by homework any means imply the end of hilfe, international conflict per se. For the for kids, world at that point would be divided between a part that was historical and a part that was post-historical.
Conflict between states still in history, and between those states and those at the end of history, would still be possible. There would still be a high and perhaps rising level of ethnic and nationalist violence, since those are impulses incompletely played out, even in parts of the post-historical world. Palestinians and Kurds, Sikhs and Tamils, Irish Catholics and Walloons, Armenians and Azeris, will continue to have their unresolved grievances. This implies that terrorism and wars of conjugations, national liberation will continue to be an for kids important item on the international agenda. But large-scale conflict must involve large states still caught in the grip of hilfe bei der, history, and homework, they are what appear to resume be passing from the scene. The end of history will be a very sad time. The struggle for recognition, the help homework, willingness to intro essay risk one's life for homework a purely abstract goal, the conjugations, worldwide ideological struggle that called forth daring, courage, imagination, and idealism, will be replaced by help for kids economic calculation, the endless solving of technical problems, environmental concerns, and the satisfaction of sophisticated consumer demands. In the post-historical period there will be neither art nor philosophy, just the perpetual caretaking of the museum of human history. I can feel in scientific and human relations myself, and see in others around me, a powerful nostalgia for the time when history existed.
Such nostalgia, in fact, will continue to fuel competition and conflict even in the post-historical world for help homework some time to come. Even though I recognize its inevitability, I have the most ambivalent feelings for the civilization that has been created in Europe since 1945, with its north Atlantic and Asian offshoots. Perhaps this very prospect of centuries of boredom at the end of history will serve to get history started once again. 1. Kojeve's best known work is his Introduction a la lecture de Hegel (Paris: Editions Gallimard, 1947), which is a transcript of the Ecole Practique lectures from the intro to great essay, 1930's. Help For Kids! This book is available in English entitled Introduction to the Reading of Hegel arranged by Raymond Queneau, edited by Allan Bloom, and translated by James Nichols (New York: Basic Books, 1969). (back to text)
2. In this respect Kojeve stands in sharp contrast to contemporary German interpreters of bei der bachelorarbeit, Hegel like Herbert Marcuse who, being more sympathetic to Marx, regarded Hegel ultimately as an historically bound and incomplete philosopher. Help! (back to text) 3. Kojeve alternatively identified the stop essay, end of history with the postwar American way of life, toward which he thought the Soviet Union was moving as well. (back to text) 4. This notion was expressed in the famous aphorism from the preface to the Philosophy of help for kids, History to the effect that everything that is rational is wageningen thesis real, and everything that is real is rational. (back to text) 5. Homework! Indeed, for Hegel the stop animal abuse persuasive, very dichotomy between the ideal and material worlds was itself only an apparent one that was ultimately overcome by the self-conscious subject; in his system, the material world is itself only an aspect of mind. (back to text) 6. In fact, modern economists, recognizing that man does not always behave as a profit -maximizer, posit a utility function, utility being either income or some other good that can be maximized: leisure, sexual satisfaction, or the pleasure of philosophizing. That profit must be replaced with a value like utility indicates the cogency of the idealist perspective. (back to text) 7. One need look no further than the recent performance of Vietnamese immigrants in homework the U.S. Eric! school system when compared to their black of homework, Hispanic classmates to realize that culture and consciousness are absolutely crucial to explain not only economic behavior but virtually every other important aspect of life as well. (back to text) 8. I understand that a full explanation of the origins of the reform movements in scientific and human relations movement essay China and Russia is a good deal more complicated than this simple formula would suggest.
The Soviet reform, for example, was motivated in good measure by Moscow's sense of insecurity in the technological-military realm. Nonetheless, neither country ion the eve of its reforms was in such a state of material crisis that one could have predicted the surprising reform paths ultimately taken. (back to text) 9. It is still not clear whether the Soviet people are as Protestant as Gorbachev and will follow him down that path. (back to text) 10. The internal politics of the Byzantine Empire at the time of Justinian revolved around a conflict between the so-called monophysites and monothelites, who believed that the unity of the Holy Trinity was alternatively one of nature or of will. This conflict corresponded to some extent to one between proponents of different racing teams in the Hippodrome in help homework for kids Byzantium and led to a not insignificant level of political violence. Modern historians would tend to seek the roots of eric resume, such conflicts in antagonisms between social classes or some other modern economic category, being unwilling to homework believe that men would kill each other over the nature of the Trinity. Stop Animal Abuse Persuasive Essay! (back to homework text) 11. I am not using the term fascism here in its most precise sense, fully aware of the frequent misuse of hilfe bachelorarbeit, this term to denounce anyone to help the right of the user. Fascism here denotes nay organized ultra nationalist movement with universalistic pretensions - not universalistic with regard to its nationalism, of course, since the latter is animal abuse persuasive exclusive by definition, but with regard to the movement's belief in help homework for kids its right to rule other people. Hence Imperial Japan would qualify as fascist while former strongman Stoessner's Paraguay or Pinochet's Chile would not.
Obviously fascist ideologies cannot be universalistic in the sense of Marxism or liberalism, but the structure of the doctrine can be transferred from country to country. (back to text) 12. I use the example of eric resume, Japan with some caution, since Kojeve late in his life came to conclude that Japan, with its culture based on help homework for kids, purely formal arts, proved that the universal homogenous state was not victorious and conjugations, that history had perhaps not ended. See the long note at the end of the second edition of for kids, Introduction a la Lecture de Hegel , 462-3. (back to eric medcalf resume text) 13. This is help homework for kids not true in Poland and Hungary, however, whose Communist parties have taken moves toward true power sharing and pluralism. (back to text) 14.
This is particularly true of the leading Soviet conservative, former Second Secretary Yegor Ligachev, who has publicly recognized many of the deep defects of the Brezhnev period. Wageningen Thesis! (back to text) 15. I am thinking particularly of Rousseau and help, the Western philosophical tradition that flows from thesis online him that was highly critical of homework for kids, Lockean or Hobbesian liberalism, though one could criticize liberalism from the standpoint of hilfe bei der, classical political philosophy as well. (back to homework text) 16. See his article, Beyond the Cold War, New Republic, December 19, 1988. (back to wageningen text) 17.
It took European colonial powers like France several years after the war to admit the illegitimacy of help homework, their empires, but decolonialization was an inevitable consequence of the Allied victory which had been based on the promise of a restoration of democratic freedoms. Management Relations Movement! (back to text) 18. Vestnik Ministerstva Inostrannikh Del SSSR no. 15 (August 1988), 27-46. New thinking does of course serve a propagandistic purpose in homework persuading Western audiences of Soviet good intentions. But the fact that it is good propaganda does not mean that is formulators do not take many of its ideas seriously. (back to text)
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How To Make Your Own Cool Facebook Resume. The Do-It-Yourself Facebook Resume Kit in 5 easy steps. The best way to homework for kids, show off your resume on Facebook. Photo Credit: mkhmarketing. This is a guest post by Claudio Nader. If you’d also like to guest post here on JobMob, follow these guest post guidelines. Want a resume that looks like this? Many job seekers kick off their job search with an intro to great email to everyone they know asking for leads. A common problem is that after a few weeks or months, friends and family forget that they're still looking for a job.
Your Facebook profile resume will constantly remind every visitor about your job search without you needing to help homework, send followups. Then when a lead comes to mind, they'll just need to click ‘Share Profile'. Now, when sending that first job search announcement, tell people to follow your Facebook profile to see if you're still available. Pretty clever, right? The new Facebook profile layout displays your last 5 tagged photos across the top, while showing your profile picture on stop persuasive, the left. Use your profile picture for a headshot and homework a brief but hard-hitting summary of your skills achievements Use the stop animal abuse essay tagged photos as banners for homework each of stop persuasive essay, your print resume's sections The caption of each banner image should contain the for kids relevant text from that section of your resume. Here's how to make yours. Create the images Upload the hilfe images Tag the images Adjust your bio Set up the homework texts. This is the most complicated step of the Facebook resume creation process, but it's really not so bad as you'll see. To make things easier, I've created some sets of Facebook-styled banners that you can download for free and conjugations use on homework, your Facebook resume for a slick, “official Facebook” look.
Each set contains at and human relations, least 6 banners to homework, choose from, and you can download all of the scientific management and human relations other free sets from the JobMob Facebook page (click now, it will open in a new window). Want to homework for kids, create your own banners? Each image should be 97 pixels wide x 68 pixels high. For the profile picture, you're limited to an image no larger than 180 x 540 pixels. If you have design skills and scientific movement aren't afraid to slice crop images for cool effect like Claudio, here are some time-saving tools to check out. Otherwise, follow these simple steps to create a profile picture with a hard-hitting summary using the homework for kids Pixlr online image editor: Click ‘Create a new image' Name it ‘Facebook Profile Picture', ignore the Presets, set a width of 180 and a height of 540 and click ‘Ok'. Set the persuasive essay foreground color of the new image to be the same color as the banner set you've chosen. Click the big black square beneath the for kids hand tool, and in animal essay the popup that appears, replace 000000 with the relevant color code – dark blue is for kids 3B5998, light blue is of essayer D8DFEA and white is FFFFFF – then click ‘Ok'. Select the paintbucket tool and click anywhere in the white area of the new image to change its color.
Import your portrait photo by clicking Layer ‘Open image as layer' from the menu bar at help homework for kids, the top of the screen. Left-click the imported portrait and hold down the intro to great gatsby mouse button to drag the portrait into position. Put it near the top of the new image. Finally, add your text. Homework For Kids! Select the Type tool (it looks like an A) and click in your image where you'd like the text to appear. In the Text popup, choose a font size 14 or higher, change the font color to match the text of your banner set (see #3 above) and for bachelorarbeit the Font itself, choose either Lucida Grande or Tahoma. Type your summary text, watching how it appears as you type and help pressing Enter whenever you need to start a new line. You can always left-click and hold to drag the text to a better position, while editing it or afterward.
Once you're done, save your image by clicking File Save… from the menu bar and saving it to thesis online, your computer. Pixlr offers the option of saving directly to Facebook but since you don't know what they'll do with your password, don't risk it. For the new profile picture, go to Edit Profile Profile Picture (in Facebook) and browse for the profile image on your computer. For the banner images, upload them to a new album in the order you want them to appear on your profile from right to left. Using the sets above as an homework for kids example, you would first upload the Experience banner, then the Portfolio banner, and eric so on. Tag yourself in each of the banners but do it in backwards order . Using the banner sets above as an help homework for kids example, this means that the thesis online Experience banner would be the help homework for kids last one tagged. By now you can already view your mostly-complete new profile to see how your Facebook resume looks. Instead of your Wall, the key is to check your Info page since that is animal persuasive essay what non-friends will see. Depending on which information you've already entered in the past, your new resume's top banner images may not be evenly spaced.
In that case, you'll need to modify your bio until the help homework for kids spacing is eric medcalf resume fixed. Each of the help homework for kids 5 banner images now appearing at of essayer, the top of your profile corresponds to a section of your resume. For each banner image, copy paste the text from your print resume into the banner image caption and save your changes. Now when someone clicks one of the banner photos, they'll be able to read that section of your resume, right there on Facebook. Every time someone tags an for kids image of you, it will be added to bei der bachelorarbeit, the images at help for kids, the top of your Facebook profile.
Make sure Facebook sends you a notification whenever someone ‘Tags you in a photo', so you can hide that photo from blocking one of your resume section banners from appearing. From each of your Facebook resume sections, include a message and a link for to great gatsby visitors to download your real, print resume. Finally- don't forget to for kids, choose your square avatar from your new, long profile picture, preferably the part with your face. You wouldn't want your avatar all over intro gatsby essay, Facebook with only homework a chunk of your eye and half of conjugations, 2 words appearing. Do this in Facebook by clicking: Edit Profile Profile Picture Edit Thumbnail. Claudio Nader started his UK life in homework for kids London at the end of 2010, just because “Italy is scientific management and human not a country for young men”.
After experience at the Municipality of for kids, Bologna, he's available for a good job (in the UK) designing and planning events and other kinds of media communication. You can find Claudio at his blog and on Twitter @claudioandnader. Subscribe to JobMob via RSS or email and abuse persuasive essay follow me on Twitter for homework creative facebook job search tips. Job Search Expert, Professional Blogger, Creative Thinker, Community Builder with a sense of humor. I like to help people.
#128269; How Smart Job Seekers Do Resume Keyword Research. 33 Gorgeous Job Search Infographs and Infographics. 33 Blog Post Ideas for the Personal Brand-Building Blogger. This is a really creative way of positioning an active job search. Facebook Accounted For 10% of all US Page views (according to a recently released study) and using it to help your personal network spread the word is awesome and in my opinion, currently under-utilized.
This alone won’t land a job, but it IS great marketing! This is and human relations a great tool, IF a job seeker or careerist can clearly and concisely express a value, career brand, and homework for kids compelling “what I can do for you” message. If not, don’t bother! Clarity with brevity and value rules in an age where people are as likely to view content on a smart phone or iPad as they are on intro to great gatsby essay, a computer–and when they spend large chunks of time in the social media space. Today, anyone looking to be effective in job search or career building needs to help homework for kids, embrace the concept of “Mighty Minimalism tm” in their entire CareerComm network—from Twitter, to resume, to video, to pitches for LinkedIn and Facebook, and abuse essay more. My esteemed colleague Jason Alba (of JibberJobber) says we are a nation of skimmers. And he’s right. Help Homework For Kids! No one has the scientific essay time or patience to wade through content. Help Homework For Kids! It’s a “bottom-line-it-for-me” world, and whether we like it or not, we work in it.
Embrace it, maximize it, or lose any hope of a competitive edge. In the scope of Mighty Minimalism, working HARD to know themselves and their market is eric resume critical for jobseekers developing a tweet-sized pitch focused on the target’s need and delivering a pop of value and hint of help homework for kids, brand–in literally seconds, or in very limited space. Eric! That pitch is the help for kids foundation for stop abuse all of their messaging, and that pitch is what belongs on the “Facebook resume.” In the homework for kids Twitter Job Search Guide and the Get Clear! Get Found Get Hired!
Coach certification program (G3Coach, from TheAcademies) we say “Be bold and brief to get belief!” And the intro to great gatsby essay concept of using Facebook for a bold, brief, micro resume has real promise, when used with that kind of help for kids, clear compelling message. Online! I applaud the homework for kids work that went into developing the online concept and the detailed instructions in the post. However, I respectfully submit that the example shown in the blog post doesn’t go far enough to become a truly compelling message. It’s all about the homework individual and conjugations gives no hint of the value that the homework for kids “I like to… and I’m passionate about… ” attributes will actually deliver. The blunt reality is wageningen thesis online that no one cares about what you like, or are good at, or even where you worked or went to school, until they know what you can do for them that meets bleeding need or aspirational desire. So adding in the “I know what you need; I’ve done it; Here’s what happened when I did it; I can do it again!” piece into the Facebook profile pitch will grab attention from the people who want what you’re selling (YOU)! With this tool, Facebook becomes another critical conduit for projecting your branded value (Why-Buy-ROI tm). I say if you’re not in a confidential search, use it (if you are employed and testing the waters, don’t! use it)! And do it soon.
People get job leads from help for kids friends on Facebook by just mentioning a need in a post. Imagine what can happen when that message is vibrant, branded, value-filled, and front-and-center in essay your profile! I wrote something very similar to this and I think it’s amazing. It’s a fantastic idea, and homework for kids utilizing the Full profile picture is important too. Thanks for eric medcalf your mention of homework for kids, my idea, i hope it will gets something good and new #128512; And if there`s someone who is looking for a media assistant in London, UK, here i am, with my powerful ideas, ready to medcalf, grow your audience! Check my own and personal How To at http://www.claudionader.com. Hannah- “…currently under-utilized.” Yes- which means that right now is the best opportunity to do something like this. Deb- thanks for the guest post #128578; Great addition to the article.
Claudio can definitely improve on his Facebook resume – and I hint at help homework for kids, that with my different take on the banner photos – but since it was his great idea, I thought it would get the most attention in its current, original form. I fully agree with the fact that – unless you’re a celebrity – no one cares about your personal interests, which is why in my 111 Smart Resume Section Headings and Titles, I recommended not including any resume section for them. Rich- don’t be afraid to share the link to your article here, I know you’re no spammer. Claudio- I’m happy to eric medcalf, see the attention your concept is getting, and hopefully you’ll get the right attention too. This is homework for kids a great idea! How creative! I will definitely be telling all of management and human essay, my friends who are job searching about this.
I like the idea of help for kids, posting your resume to friends who usually know you best. The only hurdle I see this having is if a job seeker is of essayer a career switcher or looking to present themselves to more than one type of help homework, employer audience. Which, nowadays, most people are doing to maximize the number of opportunities they apply to….Tailoring your resume for a particular job description is key, which may be difficult here unless numerous differently tailored versions of online, this resume can be presented. […] Be First To Make Your Own Cool Facebook Resume Be First To Make Your Own Cool Facebook Resume […] […] Be First To Make Your Own Cool Facebook Resume […]
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